Thursday, 13 January 2011

Identifying Diabetes

Identifying Diabetes

Diabetes is an incurable disease where the body loses the ability to make or use insulin effectively. When not enough insulin is available, the body is unable to obtain the glucose or sugar from foods to use as energy. When glucose builds up in the blood, it increases the risk of eye problems, hearing loss, kidney failure, skin disorders, serious foot complications and heart disease.

Different types

Type 1 diabetes — The pancreas stops producing insulin. Treatment includes regular blood sugar tests, insulin therapy and medication.

Type 2 diabetes — The body tissues become resistant to insulin. It can often be managed by diet, exercise and blood sugar monitoring.

Prediabetes — Blood glucose levels are higher than normal, increasing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It may be avoided by weight loss and exercise.

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